The Economic Cost of Somali Piracy - 2011 Report

March 2011

Economic Cost of Piracy Report 2011

Oceans Beyond Piracy has released a report that raises concerns about the cost of Somali Piracy to the world economy. Approximately 80% of all costs are borne by the shipping industry, while governments account for 20% of the expenditures associated with countering piracy attacks. The report estimates the 2011 economic cost of piracy was between $6.6 and $6.9 billion.

“The report assesses nine different direct cost factors specifically focused on the economic impact of Somali piracy,” explained Anna Bowden, the report’s author, “Over the past year we have had substantial cooperation from maritime stakeholders which has helped to ensure the figures are as reliable as possible.”

The breakdown of the most notable costs includes $2.7 billion in fuel costs associated with increased speeds of vessels transiting through high risk areas, $1.3 billion for military operations, and  $1.1 billion for security equipment and armed guards. Additionally, $635 million is attributed to insurance, $486 to $680 million is spent on re-routing vessels along the western coast of India, and  $195 million is the estimated cost for increased labour costs and danger pay for seafarers.

The vast majority (99%) of the billions spent are attached to recurring costs associated with the protection of vessels – costs which must be repeated each year. This figure is in sharp contrast to the $38 million spent for prosecution, imprisonment, and building regional and Somali capacity to fight piracy. Average ransoms increased 25% from approximately $4 million in 2010 to $5 million in 2011.

Although the total cost for ransoms was $160 million for 2011, money collected by pirates represents a mere 2% of the total economic cost.  While ransoms provide the incentive for Somali pirates to attack vessels and hold hostages, they represent a disproportionally small cost compared to the nearly $7 billion spent to thwart these attacks. 

“The human cost of piracy cannot be defined in economic terms,” Bowden added. “We do note with great concern that there were a significant number of piracy-related deaths, hostages taken, and seafarers subject to traumatic armed attacks in 2011. This happened in spite of the success of armed guards and military action in the later part of the year.”

The report, together with a summary, can be viewed and downloaded below with kind permission of the One Earth Future Foundation which sponsors the Oceans Beyond Piracy Project.

(Based on Oceans Beyond Piracy press release of 8 February 2011)